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Sakkara


Leaving Memphis, and travelling westward over an excellent road for four kilometers, and ascending the sandy plateau, we come to the vast graveyard, the greatest Necropolis of Sakkara in which the Memphite Pharaohs and inhabitants of their capital city were laid to rest. As a royal Necropolis Sakkara has now been proved to date back to the First Dynasty (3200 B.C.) and the huge tomb of (Hor Ahe), the successor of king Menas, was found there in recent years.

The name Sakkara, as we have already said, is derived from the Falcon headed God (Seker) an Egyptian local God of the dead, who was also connected with the resurrection of the dead.

Sakkara is the only place in the world where we can see the oldest free standing stone structure ever discovered, still standing on its original site. The excavated area extends along the Libyan Desert for about four miles length and two miles width. It is now fenced off, and visitors must pass through the main barrier where tickets are available to those who have not previously acquired them in Cairo.

The Necropolis has been as wonderfully preserved as though it had some share in the immortality of the soul of its inhabitants that rest Osiris. The burial places of the Pharaohs have out lived their cities because they regarded their houses as temporary dwelling places, and their graves as eternal homes. Their lives on earth as a brief sojourn and their death as eternal life.

The most important monuments of interest here are the Step pyramid and its complex, the pyramid of Unas, the Serapeum, the mastaba (tomb) of Ti, the Tomb of Ptah Hotep and the Tomb of Mera (merruruka).